Urban planning in Rio de Janeiro: a critical review of the urban design practice in the twentieth century
Zeca Brandão, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
This paper presents a historical review of the urban development of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The study gives an overview of the city?s urban planning through time, pointing out some connections between the different urban factors involved in the urbanization process. By focusing on the project scale, it intends to show the roles that urban design have played during the different periods of the urban planning in Rio de Janeiro. The general argument of the paper is that since the turn of the twentieth century, the city has played an important role as a laboratory implementing and adapting established international urban concepts to the local reality. Although such a position has been lost during the 1970s and 1980s, this study shows that the tide began to turn in the 1990s and the revival of urban design has emerged as one of the main features of the current urban policy in Rio de Janeiro.